Chromium Vanadium Springs

Chromium vanadium is a popular type of steel made by alloying chromium, carbon, vanadium, and other metals. SMSC provides chromium vanadium springs for various industrial applications. These springs offer benefits of specific load tolerances, hardness, corrosion resistance, and stress-reliever characteristics due to their typical chemical composition. Hence, these steel springs are employed for high impact load, and high stress applications. Also, these steel springs will perform well in extreme temperatures.

Technical Information – Chromium Vanadium Alloy

This alloy is produced by combining chemicals in various proportions. The percentage of each component will vary as per the desired characteristics of the finished product. The following technical information will help you understand the composition, as well as mechanical properties of this alloy.

Technical Data
Chemical Composition ContentPercentage
Iron (Fe)96.7 to 97.7%
Chromium (Cr)0.8 to 1.1%
Vanadium (V)0.18 to 0.3%
Manganese (Mn)0.7 to 0.9%
Carbon (C)0.50 to 0.53%
Sulfur (S)0 to 0.040%
Silicon (Si)0.15 to 0.35%
Phosphorous (P)0 to 0.035%
Material Properties
Brinell Hardness270
Elongation at Break22% 
Poisson’s Ratio0.29 
Specific Heat Capacity450 J/kg-K 
Strength to Weight Ratio120 kN-m/kg 
Thermal Expansion 12 µm/m-K 
Unit Rupture Work (Ultimate Resilience)180 MJ/m3 
 Metric Imperial
Density 7.8 g/cm3490 lb/ft3
Modulus of Elasticity210 GPa30 x 106 psi
Modulus of Resilience920 kj/m3
Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS940 MPa140 x 103 psi

Key Features of Chromium Vanadium Alloy

Following are some of the key features of Cr-V alloy:

  • The alloy is structurally strong, which makes it wear, and fatigue resistant.
  • The minimum tensile strength is 190 – 300 depending on the chemical composition. This is high in comparison to other alloys.
  • The maximum operating temperature of the alloy is 425℉ (218℃).

Types of Chromium Vanadium Springs

We can provide Cr –V springs in the following designs:

  • Coil Springs
  • Extension Springs
  • Compression Springs
  • Torsion Springs
  • Wireforms

Also, we provide springs in other material compositions. Chromium vanadium springs can be availed in standard sizes, as well as custom specifications. We can also provide these springs in different load tolerances of your preference. To know more about our industry-grade Cr-V springs, you can contact us on our toll- free number 800-330-2460, or send us an email at smsc@windstream.net.